Foreign correspondent. It’s hard to come up with a job title quite as romantic and full of intrigue. The very words conjure images of steamy exotic locales from The Year of Living Dangerously or some Graham Greene novel.
The truth is reporting overseas is hard, challenging work that requires preparation. Here are some tips for journalism students and young journalists who aspire to become the next Anthony Shadid or Christiane Amanpour.
- Learn a foreign language — or two, or three. Interpreters are great, but being able to interview people in their own tongue is always best. And even if you aren’t fluent enough to conduct interviews in a language, knowing some words always helps. Best languages for foreign reporters: Arabic, Mandarin, Spanish, French and Russian.
- Read voraciously. Read everything you can get your hands on — newspapers, magazines, websites, books, even novels. The more you read, the more you understand other places and cultures. Extensive reading is also bound to improve your writing.
- See the world. Even before you set up shop as a foreign correspondent take every opportunity you can to travel — family trips, vacations, conferences in foreign cities — but go beyond the tourist attractions. Seek out out-of-the-way places where you’ll have an easier time engaging with real people. Ask lots of questions wherever you go; soak up as much information as you possibly can. You never know what tidbits of information may come in handy for a story.
- Study history. You can’t understand a place until you’ve read up on its history. News events and cultural changes today often stem from events and conflicts that happened years, sometimes centuries, ago. While you’re in college take as many world history courses as you can pack into your schedule and then continue to immerse yourself in history through books, documentaries and visits to museums and historical sites.
- Become proficient in multiple media skills. Foreign correspondents today are often expected to shoot photos and video, prepare radio and TV broadcasts, post on social media channels and report breaking news on mobile devices. Global journalists should be familiar with the latest news-gathering tools and technology and how best to use them.
- Keep your passport current. Always renew your passport at least six months before it expires because some countries won’t give you visas if yours is about to run out.
- Learn how to read a new culture. Each time you’re someplace new, study the society and its way of life. Pay attention to music, language, religion, holidays, cultural practices and the relations or tensions among different religious or ethnic groups.
- Know what you’re getting into. Foreign reporting may sound exciting and glamorous but it can be grueling and dangerous, too. Talk to some international journalists to get a sense of what’s really involved. Ask for advice. Understand that the long hours and long absences from home can wreak havoc on a family or a relationship.
- Learn to network. Many, if not most international reporting opportunities aren’t posted on job websites; they come from knowing the right people. Editors who want to hire freelancers abroad often think first of people they already know. Full-time jobs often go to people who have already developed an expertise in that region.
- Just do it. While many global correspondents are assigned to foreign bureaus after years of reporting in domestic newsrooms, others just buy a plane ticket and start reporting. With proper preparation and planning, that can actually work. Follow your passion.
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by Leah De Graaf, Iowa State University, Urbino Project 2012